Page 45 - Print Version of Volume 18 - Number 934
P. 45

Fortune Vol. 18 No. 934 Mar. 25, 2018                                                                                                                                       Page 45

Port Dispute May Destabilize Horn of
         Africa, Minister Says

A budding dispute over plans to          Somalia, which took place amid a             parties will eventually understand this    consultant to the Somaliland police’s      adviser to Somalia’s president, Nafisa
develop a port in Somaliland risks       civil war, has yet to be recognized by       is about economic development.”            special-protection and rapid-              Santur, senior political adviser to the
destabilising the Horn of Africa         any other nation.                                                                       response units, said Somaliland’s          prime minister, and Liban Osman
region, the semi-autonomous                                                           An agreement for the UAE to train          police commander was part of               Abdirahman, a member of Somalia’s
territory’s foreign minister said.       The stake is “not related to sovereignty     Somaliland’s police and security           the delegation that travelled to           parliamentary defence committee,
Saad Ali Shire’s comments raise          or recognition of Somaliland,”               forces is being finalized, according       Abu Dhabi and discussed police             each did not respond to three emails
the stakes in a standoff between         Ethiopian Transport Minister Ahmed           to Shire, who declined to comment          training with senior UAE police            requesting comment.
Somaliland and Somalia, which this       Shide said by phone on Tuesday. He           on how many personnel will                 commanders.
month declared the planned harbour       also played down the possibility of          receive training or the character                                                     The UAE has also been building
illegal. The impasse could also          any conflict over the harbour, as “the       of the training. Hamza Mohamed, a          Abdisaid Ali, national security            a military base in Eritrea, United
jeopardise Ethiopia’s bid to reduce its                                                                                                                                     Nations investigators said in a
reliance on neighbouring Djibouti as                                                                                                                                        November 8 report to the UN Security
its main trade route through the Red                                                                                                                                        Council. The bases violate arms
Sea and the United Arab Emirates’                                                                                                                                           embargoes on Somalia and Eritrea,
plans to extend its military influence                                                                                                                                      the investigators said.
in the region.
DP World Ltd., Dubai’s state-owned                                                                                                                                          “As far as coordination the work
port operator, won a 30-year                                                                                                                                                between the base in Eritrea and the
concession in 2016 for the port at                                                                                                                                          base in Somaliland, that’s a matter
Berbera on Somaliland’s coast, which                                                                                                                                        for the UAE,” Shire said. Eritrean
will cost as much as 442 million                                                                                                                                            Information Minister Yemane
dollars. Ethiopia’s government                                                                                                                                              Gebremeskel did not respond to
took a 19pc stake in the project.                                                                                                                                           two emails seeking comment.
Somalia, which does not recognize
Somaliland’s 1991 declaration of                                                                                                                                            Planned talks between Somaliland
autonomy, dismissed the deal as                                                                                                                                             and Somalia, including on the “final
“non-existent, null and void.”                                                                                                                                              status” of their relationship are
“If Somalia decides to invade                                                                                                                                               on hold because “there’s no point
Somaliland” over the development                                                                                                                                            sitting across the table in this sort of
of the port, “then we will have the                                                                                                                                         atmosphere,” Shire said.
right to defend our territory,” Shire
said in a phone interview from Abu                                                                                                                                                                  (Bloomberg)
Dhabi on March 17, where he was
part of a Somaliland delegation          US Targets South Sudan Oil Firms with
meeting Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed         Sanctions to Choke off War Funds
al Nahyan, the UAE’s deputy prime
minister. “That confrontation of         The United States on Wednesday               signaling that it had lost patience with   but requires that United States and        The restrictions also cover oil distributor
course will not be limited to us.”       imposed sanctions on 15 South                South Sudan’s warring factions for         foreign companies doing business with      Nyakek and Sons; Greater Pioneer
Berbera, which will host a UAE           Sudanese oil operators that it said          ignoring ceasefires.                       those on the list first obtain a license.  Operating; Juba Petrotech Technical
military airport and naval base, is      were important sources of cash for                                                                                                 Services; Nigeria’s Oranto Petroleum,
located on the Gulf of Aden, 260Km       the government, an action aimed at           Last year, the South Sudanese              The Commerce Department placed the         and Sudd Petroleum Operating.
(162 miles) south of Yemen, where        increasing pressure on President Salva       government said it planned to more         South Sudan Ministry of Mining, the
UAE troops in a Saudi Arabia-led         Kiir to end the country’s conflict and       than double oil production to 290,000      South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum,         South Sudan has been wrecked by civil
coalition are battling Houthi rebels.    humanitarian crisis.                         barrels per day (bpd) in fiscal            and state oil firm Nile Petroleum and      war since 2013 when troops loyal to
The naval base is expected to be                                                      2017/2018.                                 associated companies on its list.          Kiir clashed with those loyal to then-Vice
completed in June, according             The companies and government bodies                                                                                                President Riek Machar.
to Shire, who said he could not          would in future require special licenses     It is the most oil-dependent country       The list includes Dar Petroleum
comment on when the UAE navy             to do business in the United States, the     in the world, with oil accounting for      Operating Company, an oil and gas          Since then, the conflict has claimed
will start using it. Abdulla Darwish,    State Department said.                       almost all of its exports and around       consortium led by China National           tens of thousands of lives, slashed oil
managing director of Sharjah-based                                                    60pc of gross domestic product,            Petroleum Corp and Malaysia’s state-       production and driven about a third
Divers Marine Contracting LLC, which     “The South Sudanese Government, and          according to the World Bank.               run oil and gas firm Petronas, the two     of the population of 12 million from
is constructing the base, did not        corrupt official actors, use this revenue                                               largest oil firms operating in South       their homes.
respond to two requests for comment      to purchase weapons and fund irregular       The Department of Commerce’s so-           Sudan.
sent to his mobile phone.                militias that undermine the peace,           called Entity List does not freeze assets                                                                          (Reuters)
UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah     security, and stability of South Sudan,”
bin Zayed al Nahyan and Ethiopian        the department said in a statement.
Prime Minister Hailemariam
Desalegn agreed to work together         The groups on the list “are involved in
on security in the Horn of Africa        activities that are contrary to the foreign
and the Middle East in March 7           policy interests of the United States,”
talks in the capital, Addis Abeba,       according to a related Department of
Ethiopia’s ruling party-funded Fana      Commerce document published on
Broadcasting Corporation reported.       Wednesday.
Shire told reporters in Dubai on
Monday that Ethiopia’s acquisition       The South Sudanese government was
of a stake in the port was “a symbol     not immediately available to comment.
of recognition.” Somaliland’s
declaration of autonomy from             Washington has already placed
                                         sanctions on South Sudanese military
                                         and political figures, and in January
                                         imposed an arms embargo to halt
                                         the flow of weapons into the country,
   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50